Gender: Masculine and Feminine Nouns

Grammatical gender

Grammatical gender is a system of noun classification. A common gender classification includes masculine and feminine categories. Masculine nouns are words for men, boys and male animals. Feminine nouns are words for women, girls and female animals.

Masculine and feminine nouns

Masculine Feminine
actor actress
author authoress
bachelor spinster
boy girl
bridegroom bride
brother sister
conductor conductress
count countess
czar czarina
dad mum
daddy mummy
duke duchess
man woman
emperor empress
father mother
god goddess
grandfather grandmother
heir heiress
hero heroine
host hostess
husband wife
king queen
man woman
master mistress
murderer murderess
nephew niece
poet poetess
policeman policewoman
prince princess
sir madam
son daughter
uncle aunt
wizard witch
waiter waitress

Common gender nouns

Some nouns are used for both males and females. These nouns are referred to as common gender nouns.


  • baby,
  • bird,
  • cat,
  • cattle,
  • child,
  • companion,
  • comrade,
  • cousin,
  • dancer,
  • deer,
  • friend,
  • guardian,
  • guest,
  • infant,
  • owner,
  • parent,
  • passenger,
  • pig,
  • president,
  • pupil,
  • relative,
  • sheep,
  • singer,
  • student,
  • swan,
  • teacher,


With animals, there is one general word for the animal. However, many species of animals, particularly those domesticated, have been given specific names for the male and the female.

animal masculine feminine
rabbit buck doe
horse stallion mare
sheep ram ewe
pig boar sow
chicken rooster hen
duck drake duck
cattle bull cow
goose gander goose
fox fox vixen
tiger tiger tigress
lion lion lioness

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