What are conjunctions?

A conjunction is a part of speech that joins two words, phrases or clauses together.

There are three types of conjunctions:

Coordinating Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions Common Subordinating Conjunctions
  • and
  • but
  • or
  • nor
  • either...or
  • neither...nor
  • not only...but also
  • both...and
  • whether...or
  • after
  • before
  • although
  • though
  • even though
  • as much as
  • as long as
  • as soon as
  • because
  • since
  • so that
  • in order that
  • so
  • if
  • lest
  • even if
  • that
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • where
  • whether
  • while

Coordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions, also called coordinators, are conjunctions that connect two or more equal items.


  • He plays tennis and soccer
  • He works quickly but accurately
  • You'd better do your homework, or you'll get a terrible grade.

Correlative conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs.They work in pairs to coordinate two items. Examples of correlative conjunctions include both...and..., either...or, not only... but also...


  • I didn't know that she can neither read nor write.
  • You can either walk to school or take the bus.
  • Both Sara and James are invited to the party.
  • Whether you watch TV or do your homework is your decision.
  • Not only are they noisy but they are also lazy.

Subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions, also called subordinators, are conjunctions that join a dependent (or subordinating) clause to an independent (or main) clause.


  • He reads the newspapers after he finishes work.
  • Even if you get the best grade in the writing test, you'll need to pass an oral test.
  • Although he is very old, he goes jogging every morning.
  • She didn't go to school because she was ill.
  • They went to bed since it was late
  • As soon as the teacher had arrived, they started work.

Exercise on conjunctions
Parts of speech