READING


Reading Comprehension | Meditation


Develop your reading skills. Read the following text about meditation and do the comprehension questions


What is meditation?

What is meditation?

The term meditation refers to a practice where a person uses techniques, such as mindfulness, or focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity. Meditation aims at training the attention and awareness and achieving a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state.

Meditation has been practiced since antiquity in numerous religious traditions and beliefs, often as part of the path towards enlightenment and self-realization. Since the 19th century, it has spread from its origins to other cultures where it is commonly practiced in private and business life.

How do you meditate?

Most meditation techniques don't require specialized equipment or space. Generally, these techniques can be classified into two broad categories:

  1. Focused (or concentrative) meditation:
    This involves the voluntary focusing of attention on a chosen object, breathing, image, or words.
  2. Open monitoring (or mindfulness) meditation:
    This involves the focus on all mental events that enter the field of awareness.

Generally speaking, beginners should start with short periods of meditation (e.g. three minutes) that involves four steps:

  1. Finding a comfortable position.
  2. Closing one's eyes.
  3. Breathing naturally.
  4. Focusing the attention on the breath.

While meditating the individual has to be aware of the body's reactions to every inhalation and exhalation. That is, as one breathes attention should be brought to the movement of your body mainly the chest, the belly, and the shoulders.

What are the benefits of meditation?

Meditation is an old practice that aims at training the mind and the body to relax and get calm. It is known for improving psychological balance, dealing with illness, and enhancing general health and well-being. Some of the benefits of meditation identified by experts include:

  • Stress reduction.
  • Anxiety control.
  • Emotional health promotion.
  • Self-Awareness enhancement.
  • Attention span lengthening.
  • Age-related memory loss reduction.
  • Kindness generation.
  • Addiction treatment.
  • Sleep improvement
  • Pain control
  • Blood pressure decrease.

Source: Wikipedia

Comprehension:

  1. The practice of meditation is relatively new.
    a. True
    b. False
  2. Meditation necessitates special types of equipment.
    a. True
    b. False
  3. Meditation has a positive impact only on the mind.
    a. True
    b. False

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