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Reading Comprehension | What is Cubism?


Develop your reading skills. Read the following text about Cubism and do the comprehension questions


What is Cubism?

Cubism - Pablo Picasso, 1910, Girl with a Mandolin

Cubism is an artistic movement that emerged during the early 20th century. In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form. Instead of depicting objects from a single viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.

Cubism is credited for paving the way to the 20th-century Modern art movements. In its various forms, this artistic movement also inspired related movements in literature, music, and architecture.

History

Cubism was pioneered mainly by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. It has been considered to be among the most influential art movements of the 20th century. The term is broadly used in association with a wide variety of art produced in Paris (Montmartre, Montparnasse, and Puteaux) during the 1910s and throughout the 1920s. One primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne.

The origin of the term

It is believed that the term Cubism was coined in 1908 by the French art critic Louis Vauxcelles when he described some of Georges Braque's paintings as 'geometric schemas and cubes'.

The impact of Cubism

The impact of Cubism was far-reaching and wide-ranging. Movements such as Futurism, Suprematism, Dada, Constructivism, De Stijl and Art Deco developed in response to Cubism. Early Futurist paintings hold in common with Cubism the fusing of the past and the present, the representation of different views of the subject pictured at the same time, also called multiple perspectives, simultaneity or multiplicity. Constructivism, on the other hand, was influenced by Picasso's technique of constructing sculpture from separate elements. Other common threads between these disparate movements include the faceting or simplification of geometric forms and the association of mechanization and modern life.

Source: Wikipedia

Comprehension:

  1. Cubism is originally a literary movement.
    a. True
    b. False
  2. Cubists were influenced by Louis Vauxcelles.
    a. True.
    b. False.
  3. This artisic movement had an impact on other forms of expression.
    a. True
    b. False

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