READING


Reading Comprehension - Drug Addiction (Causes, Conesquences and Treatment)


Develop your reading skills. Read the following text and do the comprehension questions


Drug addiction

drug addiction

Drug addiction is a brain disorder involving a compulsive use of drugs in spite of its detrimental consequences. Biologically, although drug use leads to unfavorable results, the drug addict's brain functions to reward drug taking. In addition to that, at the psychological level, the drug addict becomes enslaved and loses control over the addictive behavior.

What are the symptoms of drug addiction?

The symptoms of drug addiction include the following:

  • Urge to use the drug regularly (that is daily or even several times a day)
  • Having a supply of the substance for fear of falling short of it.
  • Decreased participation in family activities and preference of self-isolation.
  • Problems at work or school and money issues.
  • Lying and being dishonest so that one can continue using drugs.
  • Blaming others for the addiction.
  • Poor personal hygiene and neglected appearance.

What causes drug addiction?

Biologically, the normal function and chemistry of our brain encourage the individual to repeat behaviors that are enjoyable such as sleeping, eating, and sex. Sadly, although the repetiton of pleasurable activities may ensure our species survival, it may also have detrimental consequences by making the individual defenseless against addiction. Psychologically, drug addicts cling to the addictive behavior despite its harmful effects beacause they anticipate some benefit from it. Examples of these benefits include relief from stress or boredom and escaping from a difficult situation.

What are some examples of drugs?

What is meant by a drug? A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. They can be legal or illegal. Examples of these addictive substances include:

  • alcohol,
  • opiates (such as heroin and morphine),
  • cannabis,
  • sedatives (such as Valium),
  • caffeine,
  • nicotine,
  • amphetamines (such as speed or ice),
  • ecstasy,
  • cocaine.
  • LSD (acid),
  • ecstasy,
  • cannabis,
  • and some medical drugs such as benzodiazepines and pain killers.

How is drug addiction treated?

To the question 'can addiction be treated?' the answer is 'yes'. But like all chronicle diseases, quitting a drug for a few weeks does not mean that the drug addict has been cured. Drug addicts need a long time to completely recover and regain control of their lives.

The first step in drug addiction treatment is detoxification. Medication can help drug addicts in the treatment process by alleviating the withdrawal symptoms. It should be noted though that the detoxification step is not enough. The patient must receive further treatment, otherwise, the patient will probably relapse.

To prevent relapse, patients are given medications that help them have a healthier brain function and reduce cravings. In addition to that, behavioral therapies help drug addicts change their perspective and behaviors towards drug use and replace the harmful drug habits with new healthy life skills.

Comprehension:

  1. Addiction is caused by biological and psychological factors.
    a. True
    b. False
  2. It is allowed to buy some drugs.
    a. True
    b. False
  3. Drug addiction is similar to chronic disease.
    a. True
    b. False
  4. The treatment starts with the detoxification.
    a. True
    b. False

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