Capitalization rules

Capitalization is the writing of a word with the first letter as upper-case letter (A,B, C, D,...) and the rest of the word as lower-case letters (a,b,c,d,...)

This is a summary of the capitalization.

Read the capitalization rules and study the examples given.

The rules

Capitalize the first word in a sentence.
  • They arrived late. They had dinner and went to sleep.
The first word in a quote.
  • He said, "You are fantastic."
Capitalize " I ".
  • I'm very sorry for being late. I missed the bus.
Capitalize proper nouns.
  • George was furious when he heard the bad news from Alice.
Capitalize names of rivers, mountains.
  • The Nile River is in Egypt.
  • The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest.
The official title of a person, the initials in someone's name are capitalized
  • Dr. Lynch.
  • D. H. Lawrence is a wonderful novelist.
Days of the week, months of the year, holidays are capitalized.
  • We went to Paris on Monday and came back on Saturday.
  • The Independence Day is in July not January.
Capitalize countries, cities, languages, nationalities.
  • New York is more exciting than Seattle.
  • He lives in London, but he's not English. He's Nigerian.
  • He speaks English, Chinese and Japanese.
The first word in each line of a poem.
  • "Who will believe my verse in time to come,
    If it were fill'd with your most high deserts?
    Though yet heaven knows it is but as a tomb
    Which hides your life, and shows not half your parts."

Punctuation Rules