Vocabulary - Women


This is a list of vocabulary items related to women's rights


The act of treating a person or particular group of people differently, especially in a worse way from the way in which you treat other people, because of their skin color, religion, sex, etc:

She felt she had been discriminated against.
In order to increase the number of female representatives, the selection committee decided to discriminate in favor of women for three years.

Equal opportunities:

The principle of treating all people the same, and not being influenced by a person's sex, race, religion, etc:

The advert says: "We are an equal opportunities employer."

Equal rights:

Having the same rights, treatment, etc:

Girls and boys must have equal rights in education.

Equal status:

Having the same position in society

Women are fighting to have equal status as their brothers.

Female headed households:

Female headed households are families taken care of by a woman.

Women in female headed households often bear the burden of ensuring household survival.


The belief that women should be allowed the same rights, power and opportunities as men and be treated in the same way, or the set of activities intended to achieve this state:

She had a lifelong commitment to feminism.

Gender discrimination:

Refers to the belief or attitude that one gender or sex is inferior to or less valuable than the other.

It is unacceptable that gender discrimination is widely in use even in developed countries.


Actions based on the belief that the members of one sex are less intelligent, able, skillful, etc. than the members of the other sex, especially that women are less able than men:

The university has been accused of sexism because it has so few women professors.

Sexual harassment

Sexual behavior that annoys or upsets someone.


The act of keeping one group of people apart from another and treat them differently, especially because of race or sex:
a segregated school/society

Blacks were segregated from whites in every area of life.


The right to vote in an election, especially for representatives in a parliament or similar organization:
universal suffrage (= the right of all adults to vote)

Women leaders:

Women leaders contribute to the development of their home country.
Many nations are governed by women leaders

Women empowerment:

Women empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social or economic strength of woemn. It often involves the empowered developing confidence in their own capacities. Successful efforts must target women empowerment.

Empowered women bring extra income to the family, manage the family resources and contribute to the progress of a country.

The most important element in the empowerment of women is education.

Women's rights:

The term women's rights refers to freedoms and entitlements of women and girls of all ages. These rights may or may not be institutionalized, ignored or suppressed by law, local custom, and behavior in a particular society.

Women's rights are seen as an imperative.

Violation of rights:

The act of breaking or acting against rights that normally should be treated with respect:

She claimed that the way she'd been treated was a gross violation of her rights.

Women's participation:

The participation of women in the the development of a country.

Nothing can be more central in a development of a country than women's participation at all levels.

Women's exclusion:

The act of excluding women from something

Women's exclusion from political, educational and economic opportunities is a hindrance to women empowerment.

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