Vocabulary - Science and technology

Science and technology vocabulary

English for specific purposes.

This is a list of vocabulary items related to science and technology for English learners.


1. The application of science, especially to industrial or commercial objectives.
The scientific method and material used to achieve a commercial or industrial objective.


1.The observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena.
2.Knowledge, especially knowledge that is gained through experience.

Scientific discipline:

A particular branch of scientific knowledge such as social science, natural science, mathematics ...

Scientific / technological advances:

There have been enormous scientific and technological advances in the last decade.

Computer age:

The current era as characterized by the development, applications, and socio-political consequences of computer technology.

Computer addiction:

An obsessive addiction to computer use sometimes known as Dependency.
"Spending too much time in front of the computer can lead to computer addiction."

Technological tools:

"Technological tools such as the computer,robot, telescopes, space crafts, nuclear energy, satellite... have changed our life styles."

Information / communication technology:

The development, installation, and implementation of computer systems and applications.
"Information technology can be a valuable means of development."

Space technology:

Space technology is related to entering space, maintaining and using systems during flights and returning people and things from space.

Scientific experiments:

A method of investigating particular types of research questions or solving particular types of problems. The experiment is a cornerstone in the empirical approach to acquiring deeper knowledge about the world and is used in both natural sciences as well as in social sciences. An experiment is defined, in science, as a method of investigating less known fields, solving practical problems and proving theoretical assumptions.
" More sophisticated technologies are necessary for scientific experiments."

Digital divide:

The gap between those with regular, effective access to digital and information technology, and those without it.
"It's alarming to see that the digital divide between the poor countries and the rich countries is getting deeper and deeper.

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