The past simple and the past participle of thrive

Conjugation of the verb thrive:

Base Form/Infinitive without 'to':


Past Simple:


Past Partciple:


Present Partciple:


Third Person Singular:



To grow; to develop; to prosper; to flourish.

Thrived or throve

- The forms throve and thriven have become obsolete and their use has declined during the twentieth century although they might still be used in British English.
- The form thrived has become the most widely used form of the past simple and past participle, especially in American English.


Against all odds, their company throve during the recession.
His business continues to thrive.
His children are thriving and living peacefully in the countryside.
Since expanding in June, the business has really thrived.

Similar verbs

The irregular verbs in the table below have the same pattern as thrive. They are:

- Verbs with '-en' in the past participle.
- Verbs like 'write, wrote, written'.

Verb Simple past Past Participle
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
beat beat beat/beaten
befall befell befallen
bid bid/bade bid/bidden
bite bit bitten
break broke broken
choose chose chosen
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
forbid forbade/forbad forbidden
foresee foresaw foreseen
forget forgot forgot/forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
get got got/gotten
give gave given
hide hid hidden
interweave interwove interwoven
mistake mistook mistaken
prove proved proved/proven
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
see saw seen
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaved/shaven
shrive shrived/shrove shrived/shriven
speak spoke spoken
steal stole stolen
stride strode stridden
strike struck struck/stricken
strive strived/strove strived/striven
swell swelled swollen
take took taken
thrive thrived/throve thrived/thriven
tread trod trodden
undertake undertook undertaken
unsee unsaw unseen
wake woke woken
weave wove/weaved woven/weaved
write wrote written