What is a clause?

A clause is a group of words that consists of a subject and a predicate. There are two major types of clauses:

  • Independent clauses
  • Dependent clauses

Independent clauses

An indpendent clause, also called a main clause, is like a sentence. It consits of a subject and a predicate and can stand alone like a sentence.


  • She died last week
  • He likes her.

Dependent clauses

A dependent clause, also called subordinate clause, has a subject and a verb but, unlike a dependent clause, it cannot stand alone as a sentence.

  • because I am in love.
  • that you lent me.
  • who is over there.