The Bahamas Fact Sheet

Flag of the Bahamas

The Bahamas fact sheet presented on this page provides interesting facts about the Bahamas, its territory, history and economy.

The Bahamas

The Bahamas, officially the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an island country of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean.

The origin of the name

  • The name Bahamas is derived from the Spanish baja mar meaning "shallow water or sea" or "low tide", reflecting the shallow waters of the area.
  • Alternatively it may originate from Guanahani, a local name of unclear meaning.
  • In English, the Bahamas is one of only two countries whose official name begins with the word "the", along with The Gambia.

The territory of the Bahamas

  • The Bahamas is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea in the Atlantic Ocean, at the gateway of the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Its capital is Nassau on the island of New Providence.


  • Originally inhabited by the Lucayan, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taino people.
  • the Bahamas were the site of Columbus' first landfall in the New World in 1492.
  • The Bahamas became a British Crown colony in 1718.
  • After the American War of Independence, the Crown resettled thousands of American Loyalists in the Bahamas.
  • The American Loyalists brought their slaves with them and established plantations on land grants.
  • The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973, retaining Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch.


  • In terms of gross domestic product per capita, the Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas (following the United States and Canada).
  • The Bahamas currency is the Bahamian dollar.
  • Its economy is based on tourism and finance.

More facts

  • Capital: Nassau
  • Currency: Bahamian dollar
  • Population: 377,374 (2013)
  • Official language: English
  • Continent: Americas, North America

Source: Wikipedia

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