How to teach conditional sentence type 1
Of the four types, conditional sentence type one is the easiest one to teach. Students should be able to understand the following:
- There is an if-clause and a then-clause in conditional sentence.
- The then-clause should be understood as the consequence of the if-clause.
- Conditional sentences are used to talk about possible situations. That’s why it is sometimes called the real conditional.
- The structure of conditional type one involves the use of the simple present in the if-clause and the simple future in the then-clause.
- Conditional sentences may contain verbs in the affirmative as well as the negative form.
Here is a lesson plan that will help you teach conditional type 1
- Start by drawing a line to divide the board into two parts.
- Label the first part facts and the second part consequences.
- Give examples of facts:
If I eat too much,
If I have enough time this evening,
If I write a poem,
If I don’t understand something,
- Ask students to imagine the consequences. warn them that they will have to use the simple future:
I will get fat.
I will watch the match.
I will send it to my girlfriend.
I will ask the teacher.
- Elicit the structure of conditional type one from the students:
IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE
- Ask students to provide more examples.