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Academic Writing: Useful Expressions


Useful Academic Expressions

These are some useful expressions used in academic writing:

1. Stating your own position on a Subject or Topic

  • This paper aims at...
  • This paper will be concerned with...
  • The aim of this paper is to…
  • The point of this article is to…
  • It shall be argued in this paper/essay/review that…
  • The view presented in this paper/essay/review is that..

2. Presenting your own point of view

  • I strongly believe that...
  • To my mind...
  • As I see it....
  • It seems to me evident/obvious that...
  • I feel that...
  • I think/contend that...
  • There are many reasons why…
  • It is important/necessary to point out that…
  • The first thing to be considered is…
  • It is a fact that…

3. Supporting your view and adding more information:

  • The first/second reason why…is…
  • Firstly/Secondly...
  • not only ...but also...
  • The most important…
  • In addition, …
  • Furthermore, …
  • What is more, …
  • Another reason is …
  • A further point is …

4. Stating the view of Another Person on a Subject or Topic

  • Harris's approch (1970, p. 1) can be described as follows...
  • Chomsky (1965, p. 133) maintains/argues/asserts/claims/points out that...
  • Th authors views ca be stated as follows...
  • The opinion of Chomsky (1965, p. 133) is that…
  • Chomsky (1965, p. 133)) has suggested that ….
  • According to Smith (1992, p. 123), …
  • It is thought by some theorists, for example, Chomsky (1965, p. 133) and Harris (1970, p. 1) that…

5. Agreeing with the Views of Others

  • I don't agree with the authors ideas/thoughts...because...
  • I don't think the author's views are accurate...because...
  • Chomsky (1965, p. 133) is certainly/may be correct/accurate in saying that … because…
  • As Chomsky (1965, p. 133) says/states …
  • Like Chomsky (1965, p. 133), it can be agreed that …. because…

6. Disagreeing with the Views of Others

  • Chomsky (1965, p. 133) fails to address the issue when he says "…" because …
  • When Chomsky (1965, p. 133) argues that …. his reasoning is questionable because….
  • One of the main arguments against Chomsky (1965, p. 133) and Harris (1970, p. 1) is that …
  • Harris (1970) approach/position/methods is/are somewhat inadequate/inaccurate/insufficient because…
  • There is some doubt that…

7. Indicating a Lack of Knowledge in a Particular Topic or Subject

  • Despite the book's attempts to... it lacks accuracy...
  • What I find lacking in the research is...
  • Although the research has tended to focus on…..rather less attention has been paid to…
  • Most studies, such as Harris (1970, p. 1) and Chomsky (1965, p. 133) have emphasized/concentrated on/focused on inadequate /insufficient….

8. Drawing a Conclusion Using the Work of Others

  • To sum up, ...
  • In a nutshell, ...
  • As a conclusion, ...
  • As a summary, ...
  • All in all, ...
  • To conclude, ...
  • Based on these authors, a connection can be made between…
  • It can be concluded from what Jones (2004, p. 2) and Smith (2002, p. 1) have stated that... is …
  • When Smith’s (2001, p.52) work/paper is looked at closely, it is seen that…
  • One outcome of Smith’s (2001, p.52) work/paper/research is …