Children start school in the USA at the age of five. The first year at school is called kindergarten. The second year is considered the first year of primary school and is referred to as first grade. Primary school most commonly consists of five years of education, referred to as first through fifth grades.
After the primary school, American children move to secondary school. Secondary school most commonly consists of a total of seven years, referred to as sixth through twelfth grades. The ninth through twelfth grades are most commonly referred to as high school. Upon completion of twelfth grade, American students are awarded a certificate called the high school diploma. In the American education system, students must have obtained a high school diploma before they are admitted into college or university.
Upon the completion of high school,l students who would like to attend college or university must attend undergraduate school which offer an associate degree after two year of study or a bachelors degree after four years of study. That course of study is called the major.
If students have obtained a bachelor’s degree, they may continue their education by pursuing one of two types of degrees.
- The first is a master’s degree. This is usually a two-year degree that is highly specialized in a specific field.
- After the master's degree students may want to advance their education even further in a specific field can pursue a doctorate degree, also called a PhD. This degree can take between three and six years to complete, depending on the course of study chosen, the ability of the student, and the thesis that the student has selected.