Develop your reading skills. Read the following text and do the comprehension questions
Australia Day is an official celabration that commemorates the anniversary of the 1788 arrival of the First Fleet of British Ships at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, and raising of the Flag of Great Britain at that site by Governor Arthur Phillip. It is celebrated annually on 26 January and is variously referred to as the Anniversary Day, Invasion Day, Foundation Day, and ANA (Australian Natives' Association) Day.
Although it was not known as Australia Day until over a century later, records of celebrations on 26 January date back to 1808. A century later the celebration was officially recognized when in 1908 the British colonies of Australia formed a Federation, marking the birth of modern Australia. It was not until 1935 that all Australian states and territories had adopted use of the term Australia Day to mark the date, and not until 1994 that the date was consistently marked by a public holiday by all states and territories.
Outdoor concerts, community barbecues, sports competitions, festivals and fireworks are some of the many events presented in communities across Australia for this occasion. These official events are presented by the National Australia Day Council, an official council or committee in each state and territory, and local committees. The celebration is also marked by the announcement of the Australian of the Year Awards. This celebrates the achievements and contributions of eminent Australians, both young and old, in all fields from science to sport.