Some and any are used to state the quantity, amount of something. When using some or any, the exact number is not stated. Some and any are quantifiers.
Some and any can be used when:
- The exact number is not known.
- The exact number is not important or relevant.
- Some and any are used with countable and uncountable nouns.
Interrogative Affirmative Negative Are there any tomatoes in the fridge? Yes, there are some. No, there aren't any. Is there any orange juice? Yes, there is some. No, there isn't any.
Offering Responding Would you like some coffee? Yes please I'd like some.
Making a request Responding Would you mind lending me some money? Of course here you are.
Use some in positive (affirmative) sentences. Some is used for both countable and uncountable nouns.
I have some friends.( friends is countable)
I'd like some water. (water is uncountable)
Use any for countable and countable nouns in:
- interrogative sentences.
Have you got any cheese?
Have you got any friends?
- negative sentences.
He hasn't got any cheese
He hasn't got any friends in Chicago.
Use some in questions when offering or requesting something.
The same rules are true for something and anything, someone and anyone, and somewhere and anywhere.
Policeman: Is there anyone at home? Criminal: Yes there is someone there! My friend. Policeman: Is there anything in your pocket? Criminal: Yes there is something. A gun! Policeman: Did you go anywhere recently? Criminal: Yes I went somewhere. I went to the old man's house to steal his money.