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Global English TEST N°10


An uneven transaction

Immigration is frequently an uneven transaction. When a scientist from India or a professor from Guatemala or a physician from the Philippines moves to the U.S.A, America’s gain is the native land’s loss. Since few American professionals head out to settle elsewhere in the world, the redistribution of talents serves only to widen the gap between the land of plenty and the lands of poverty. Worse still, the cycle tends to perpetuate itself: as more people leave their country for the U.S., more are likely to leave, to join relatives or cash in on connections or simply follow examples.

Though nothing new, the brain drain has recently seemed more than ever to be taking from the poor giving to the rich: whereas 30 years ago most well-qualified newcomers to the U.S. arrived from Europe, now they stream in from the poorer countries of the Third World. Even among unskilled workers, the U.S tends to attract the most enterprising – those who are adventurous enough to quit their homes and strike out for new opportunities in America.

The first to leave are outstanding students who win admission to U.S. universities and who, not surprisingly, accept challenging jobs and high salaries in America upon their graduation. Each year, for instance, some 6,000 Taiwan Chinese arrive to study in the U.S.; no more than 20%even return home. Many of the top achievers at the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology at Kharagpur are snapped up by the U.S. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). These students are a treasure to any country, and it is a shame that their homes sometimes don’t have the resources to nurture and hold on to them.

No less costly to Third World nations is the steady migration of well- trained professionals in search of a life, any life, in America. The wage differential between the U.S. and Mexico, for example, is 15 to 1. For many others, even poverty in the U.S. is preferably to an uneasy prosperity at home: thus lawyers and doctors form Central America may be found washing cars or working as porters in Miami hotels.

Time, July 8th, 1985

Base all your answers on the text

I-  COMPREHENSION (15 points)

1. Are these sentences true or false? Justify your answer form the text. (3 pts)

  1. Both America and the native countries of immigrants benefit from immigration.
  2. Most well-qualified immigrants go to the USA from Europe.
  3. The majority of the Taiwan Chinese immigrants return to their native country.

2. Answer these questions according to the text: (3 pts)

  1. Give two reasons why immigrants leave their native countries.
  2. Give two reasons why immigrants go to the U.S.
  3. Do all the immigrants in the U.S. get good jobs? Explain.

3. Complete these statements with the appropriate information from the text.   (2 pts)

  1. The type of immigration mentioned in the text is referred to as...
  2. The U.S NASA snaps up …

4. Pick out from the text what shows that (2 pts)

  1. Not many Americans immigrate to other countries
  2. The writer disapproves of this form of immigration.

5. Find in the text words or phrases meaning almost the same as: (3 pts)

  1. Make bigger (paragraph 1) ...
  2. Inexperienced (paragraph 2) …
  3. Excellent (paragraph 3) …
6. What do the underlined words refer to in the text? (2 pts)
  1. Those (paragraph 2) ……
  2. Their (paragraph 3) ….

II- LANGUAGE (15 points)

1. Match the words that go together to make appropriate collocations: (1 pts)

1. Technology
2. Equal
3. Information
a. Access
b. Opportunity
c. Internet

2. F ill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the list: (4 pts)

Sustainable- improve- background- whose- exports- set up

Young people with a good educational (1) ……………… are welcome in North America and Europe, especially those (2) …………… skills are rare and highly appreciated. As for the Third World, which (3) …………….such valuable brains, governments should (4) ……………the working conditions and encourage their people to stay and help in developing their home countries.

3. Put the verbs in brackets in the right tense: (3 pts)

After my cousin Omar ………………… (to study) nuclear Physics for six years, he got his diploma in 2006. He's been looking for a decent job but in vain. By the end of next June, he……………………… (to be) jobless for about three years. Now, he regrets studying nuclear Physics and wishes he……………………………… (to study) something else.

4. Rewrite the following sentences as indicated: (3pts)

  1. A lot of youngsters decide to go abroad because they are jobless.
    Due to…………………………………………………
  2. The authorities are taking new measures against illegal immigration.
    New measures………………………………………
  3. “Solutions can be found if we join efforts;” said a government spokesman.
    A government spokesman said …………………………

5. G ive the correct form of the words in brackets: (2 pts)

If the our (govern) ………… wants to (power) women, it has to foster (literate) ……………… programs and cooperative (organize) ………….

6 Match each sentence with its appropriate function: (2 pts)

  1. Although many efforts have been made, our environment is still in danger.
  2. You had better stop smoking.
  1. Giving opinion.
  2. Expressing advice.
  3. Concession.
  4. Expressing certainty.
1: ………………………..  2: …………………………………..

III- WRITING: (10 points)

Today, brain drain is a serious problem facing the developing world. Write an article to be published in your school magazine about the major causes and effects of brain drain and suggest some possible solutions to limit this phenomenon.

These suggestions may help you

  • Low wages and salaries
  • Lack of dynamic and innovative ideas.
  • Discrimination in employment
  • Dependence on foreign expertise.
  • Search for better living and working conditions
  • Financial support/ job opportunities.

More tests: English gloabal tests