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ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES



New Zealand


Facts about New Zealand

New Zealand

New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

General Facts

  • Capital: Wellington
  • Dialing code: +64
  • Population: 4.433 million (2012)
  • Government: Unitary state, Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary system
  • Official languages: English Language, Maori language, New Zealand Sign Language
  • Demonym: New Zealander; Kiwi (colloquial)

Geography

  • New Zealand comprises two main landmasses:
    1. The North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui,
    2. The South Island, or Te Waipounamu
  • There are also numerous other smaller islands.
  • It is situated some 1,500 kilometers (900 mi) east of Australia.

History

  • Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago.
  • A Dutchman, Abel Tasman, was the first European to sight the country.
  • In 1840 the British Crown and Māori signed the Treaty of Waitangi, making New Zealand a British colony.
  • The building where the treaty was signed has been preserved and, today, the Waitangi Treaty Grounds are a popular attraction.

Climate

  • New Zealand has a temperate climate with moderately high rainfall and many hours of sunshine.

Major destinations

Source: Wikipedia

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