This page provides fact sheet about Jamaica, its location, population, history and political system.
Location and population
- Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. The island is 10,990 square kilometers (around 4,240 sq mi) large and is is the fifth-largest island country in the Caribbean.
- With 2.8 million people, it is the third most populous Anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada.
- Kingston is the country's largest city and its capital, with a population of 937,700.
- Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, due to emigration from the country.
- Historically, Jamaica had been a Spanish possession known as Santiago before changing its name to Jamaica under the rule of England (later Great Britain) in 1655.
- It achieved full independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.
- Jamaica is now within the Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state.
Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives.
- Jamaican dollar
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