The Ganges, also Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third largest river in the World by discharge.
The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus and is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. It is worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has also been important historically: many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Patliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Kashi, Allahabad, Murshidabad, Munger, Baharampur, Kampilya and Kolkata) have been located on its banks.
- Length: 1,569 miles (2,525 km)
- Mouth: Bay of Bengal
- Sources: Nanda Kot, Kedarnath, Nanda Devi, Trisul, Satopanth Glacier, Gangotri Glacier, Kamet
- Cities: Varanasi, Kolkata, Haridwar, Allahabad, Patna, Kanpur, Ghazipur
- Bridges: Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Ganga Rail-Road Bridge,
- More Countries: India, Bangladesh
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