How to use "wish"
- Wish is most commonly used in hypothetical (or imagined/unreal) situations:
I wish (that) you were here. (Unfortunately, you're not, and I miss you.)
- Sometimes wish is used in greeting and expressions of goodwill:
We wish you a "Merry Christmas."
How to use "hope"
- Hope can also be used in expressions of goodwill, but the grammar is slightly different:
I hope (that) you have a Merry Christmas. (some time in the future)
I hope (that) you had a nice Birthday. (some time in the past)
- Hope can be used to specify a desired outcome. For future hopes, the possibilities remain open, but for past hopes, the outcome has usually been determined already.
I hope you can come to the party on Saturday.(future possibility)
I was hoping that you would come to the party.(but you didn't)
I had hoped to see you at the party on Saturday. (but I didn't)
You can also express hope in the following ways:
- I would like to have a car.
- I really want to have a car
- What I really want is to have a car.
- "I wish you had done the work" is a regret. You didn't do the work (in the past) and I am annoyed because of that.