Robert Gagné’s nine events of learning
Robert Mills Gagné was an American educational psychologist. In his book Conditions of Learning he developed studies about what he considered to be good instruction. Robert Gagné first worked for the air force with pilot training. One of Gagné’s main contribution was the model of “Nine Events of Instruction”
Nine Events of Instruction
Gagné created a nine-step process called the “Events of Instruction” which are closely related to the learning process and lead to different learning outcomes. These events are the following:
- Gain attention
Capture the attention of learners by asking questions or presenting new situation. The idea is to grab their attention.
- Inform learner of objectives
Describe the objectives of a lesson, state what the learners will be able to perform and how they will be able to use the knowledge.
- Stimulate prior learning
Build on what the learner’s already know. Start from previous relevant experience, concepts, knowledge to correlate it with new information.
- Present stimulus material
Display new content which must be chunked, explained, then demonstrated
- Provide learner guidance
Give instructions on how to learn. Assist learners for better learning.
- Elicit performance
Learners practice in order to do something with the newly acquired behavior, skills, or knowledge.and demonstrate learning.
- Provide feedback
Provide specific, immediate feedback on learner’s performance, reinforcing and correcting errors.
- Assess performance
Test to determine to what extent the new knowledge has been mastered.
- Enhance retention and transfer
Provide similar problem situations and encourage learners to transfer their newly acquired knowledge to novel situations.