Lesson Planning – Components of a lesson plan
A lesson plan provides a guide for managing the learning environment. As one of the teacher’s roles is that of designer and implementor of instruction, the preparation of lesson plan will ensure the organization of the English lesson according to some criteria. In this post I will present the components of a lesson plan.
Components of lesson plans
Lesson plans must include these components:
- Information about the learners.
Lesson plans must involve a unifying theme, an overall general purpose to accomplish by the end of the lesson period. They must include clear statements of what learners will be able to do by the end of the lesson. For example:
- Enable learners to…
- or by the end of the lesson students will be able to…
- Logical sequencing
- Who does what?
- How much time?
- How to do?
- What to do?
Realia, data show, audio-visual aid…
- Anticipated difficulties and reserve tasks
- What might go wrong?
- How to deal with it?
- Follow up and assignment.
- Prepare a follow-up that help students personalise their new knowledge.
- Assign a homework whenever possible to keep learners busy at home.
- Include an evaluation to get feedback at the end of each unit.
Things to consider when preparing lesson plans
Here are a few things to consider:
- Be clear about what you want to include in your lesson. Having a an overall knowledge of what you want to accomplish will provide clarity and cohesion to your lesson.
- A lesson must have a unity. There should be a kind of natural movement from one section to another.
- A lesson plan shouldn’t be too challenging or too easy. Predetermine whether or not you are trying to accomplish too much or whether or not your activities are far below students abilities. This has important consequences as far as students motivation is concerned.
- Prepare reserve activities in case of unpredictable events.