METHODS

Approaches and methods in language teaching
Approaches and methods in language teaching
Approaches and methods in language teaching

Methods and approaches in language teaching

Methods and approaches in language teaching

Methods and approaches

Methods and approaches

Here are some articles about the major language teaching  methods and approaches. But before you start reading about theses methods and approaches you might need to deal with definitions of some key concepts so as to make a clear distinction between an approach, a method and a technique.

Read more on methods and approachs.

What is an approach?

An approach refers to theories about the nature of language and language learning that serve as the source of language teaching practices and principles.

Theory of language refers to how language is viewed (i.e. structural, functional...)
Theory of learnig refers to how language is learned/acquired (i.e. through repetition and habit formation, through induction, through inferencing and generalization...)

An approach is axiomatic. It describes the nature of the subject matter to be taught

What is a method?

A method is an overall plan for presenting language material. Put differently, a method  refers to the way of teaching which is  based on an  approach.

It is an overall plan for the orderly presentation of language material, no part of which contradicts, and all of which is based upon,  the selected approach.

An approach is axiomatic, a method is procedural. Different methods can derive their philosophy from the same approach.

 

 

What is a technique?

A technique is a particular stratagem or procedure used to accomplish a particular objective. A technique is implementational and is related to what takes place in a classroom.

Techniques must be consistent with a method, and therefore in harmony with an approach as well.